Canada is situated at the north end of the American region. Its territory ranges from the Atlantic Ocean towards the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and also to the north to the Arctic Ocean. It occupies almost half of the North American region as it is the second biggest nation after Russia. It borders in the United States to the south, and to the northwest with its federal state Alaska.
It is said that the place was ruled by Inuits. At an archaeological level, there is proof that the very first residents who initially arrived at Canada, did so by crossing a land bridge which had formed between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age around 40,000 years back (More on: eTA Canada ).
History shows that the very first European contact the nation got was made thanks to the pursuit made by the Italian John Cabot, who was cruising after the orders of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot went into the eastern Canadian coastline and also claimed it for the King. This journey, along with subsequent one in 1498, gave England the justification to discover a great number of the eastern part of ??North America; in fact, they consequently claimed Newfoundland, Cape Breton and neighboring regions in line with the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French traveler, Jacques Cartier, was designated by King Francisco to have a journey looking for the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to uncover riches like those they had seen in Inca and Aztec region, that is to say, these people were focused on seeking gold above all else, but Cartier only seen “stones and a few horrible and large rocks” according to what he stated in the diary.
Cartier carried on exploring and landed on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), in whose land he claimed for France. French people enjoyed their high-class monopoly for a few decades, however in 1670 British appeared with the goal of forging a monopoly of the fur industry, which led to a legal debate among those who had on their side the negotiations on land possession. However, the balance leaned towardsBritain and France ceded Canada to the English Crown by theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
After that, the Government handed down the Constitutional Law of 1791 that separated the region into two British colonies called Upper Canada (presently southern Ontario) and Lower Canada (presently the southern part of Quebec). Lower Canada retained French civil laws, however the two provinces were governed with the British penal code. Each colony had its designated leader and was free to select its cabinet or executive council.
Issues increased considering that the authorities and its council were English but led a mostly French assembly, which generated political tension and rebellions. The ideas of union soon appeared however it was not until 1840 that they were brought up as regulation. The two colonies soon joined in the state of Canada, ruled by the new Parliament of Canada as the sole legal body.
Finally, it acquired its self-government in 1867 as well as its autonomy in 1931, continuing to be a Commonwealth kingdom. And, Newfoundland, which was right up until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined Canada in 1949.
Source: kanada wiza